Home BIO Clients Contact M. Fortin, Consulting Economist


Mike Fortin, Bill Gauley, forthcoming 2020. "Water Volumes, User Rates and Revenues", Municipal World

M. Fortin, B Gauley, T Patterson, February 2018. Economic Instruments to Motivate Stormwater Management on Private Lands, Credit Valley Conservation Authority.

M. Fortin, W. Galliher, E. Stahl, 2017. “How does conservation pricing affect municipal water demand?” WATERCANADA, March/April 2017, p. 32-33.

M. Fortin, T. Ueda, M. G. Agapito, M. Fortu, 2015. Sustainability of Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Operations: Findings and Lessons, Independent Evaluation Department, Asian Development Bank 

M. Fortin, 2013. “Using Covenants in Loan Agreements to Promote Tariff Reform”, Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development V 03-3, p 315-21.

M. Fortin, 2011. “Confusing Comparators—comparing your municipality to others”, Municipal World, July 2011.

M. Fortin, 2009. Protecting People and Property: A Business Case for Investing in Flood Prevention & Control, Conservation Ontario.

M. Loudon, M. Fortin, 2008. “Impact on Water Revenues of Base and Seasonal Residential Usage Trends” Ontario Pipeline, 5(4) Winter 2009 .

M. Fortin, D. Watt and L Stein, 2008. “Asset Management and the Infrastructure Master Plan”, Ontario Pipeline, 4(2) Summer 2008.

R.V. Anderson Associates Ltd, R. M. Loudon, M. Fortin, Réseau Environnement. March 2006. Water and Sewer Rates: Full Cost Recovery. National Guide to Sustainable Municipal Infrastructure and Federation of Canadian Municipalities.

Strategic Alternatives, M. Fortin, 2006. Affordability of Wastewater Treatment Services in Canada, Project 384-2006, Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment.

Strategic Alternatives, M. Fortin, Enid Slack Consulting Inc., and Mike Loudon, 2002. Financing Water Infrastructure, Commissioned Paper 16, The Walkerton Inquiry, Toronto.

M. Fortin and S. Dofonsu October 15, 2001. Valuing Benefits from Watershed Management, A Supplement to the Report “The Importance of Watershed Management in Protecting Ontario’s Drinking Water Supplies” A submission to the Walkerton Inquiry On behalf of Conservation Ontario.

A.F. Smith et. al., March 20, 2001. The Importance of Watershed Management in Protecting Ontario's Drinking Water Supplies, Conservation Ontario. (Author of chapter on finance)

M. Fortin and M. Loudon, 1997. Primer on Municipal Water and Wastewater Rate Setting. Canadian Water and Wastewater Association, Ottawa.

M. Loudon and M. Fortin, 1996. Full Cost Pricing of Water and Wastewater Services. Environmental Science and Engineering. 9(5).

ESSA Tecnologies Ltd, M.H.P. Fortin and W. Desvouges, 1994. Handbook for the Identification, Quantification and Valuation of Potential Direct Benefits of Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems of Ontario Watersheds. Ontario Ministry of the Environment.

Lawson, P. and M. Fortin, 1994. "Municipal water pricing and wastewater rate manual: a new approach to rate setting." in D. Shrubsole and D. Tate (editors) Every Drop Counts. Canadian Water Resources Association.

Haris, J., D. Tate., M. Loudon and M. Fortin, 1993. Municipal Water and Wastewater Rate Manual. Canadian Water and Wastewater Association and the Rawson Academy of Aquatic Science, Ottawa.

E.A. McBean and M. Fortin. 1993. "A Forecast Model of Refuse Tonnage with Recapture and Uncertainty Bounds." Journal of Waste Management and Research. 11:373-385.

M. Fortin and B. Mitchell. 1990. Water and Wastewater Charges for Ontario, the User Pay Principle. Ontario Sewer and Watermain Contractors Association. Toronto.

M. Fortin, K. Dance and D. Cressman. 1989. "Towards better assessments: wetland values in Ontario land use planning procedures." in Wetlands: Inertia or Momentum edited by M. Bardecki and N. Patterson, Federation of Ontario Naturalists.

M. Fortin. 1989. "Economic Methodology in Watershed Planning and Management" in Managing Ontario's Streams edited by J. Fitzgibbon and P. Mason, Canadian Water Resources Association.

D.R. Cressman, M. Fortin, R.A. McBride, M. Hensel and P. Brubacher. 1988. "Estimation of cropland damages caused by overland flooding: two case studies." Canadian Water Resources Journal, 13(3):15-25.

E.A. McBean, J. Gorrie, M. Fortin, J. Ding and R. Moulton. 1988. "Adjustment factors for flood damages." ASCE Water Resources Planning and Management. 114(6):635-646.

E.A. McBean, J. Gorrie, M. Fortin, J. Ding and R. Moulton. 1988. "Flood depth-damage curves by Interview Survey." ASCE Water Resources Planning and Management. 114(6):613-634.

L. Demal and M. Fortin. 1987. "Shading with bank-side trees to control Cladophora."  Canadian Water Resources Journal, 12(4):43-51.

E.A. McBean, M. Fortin, J. Gorrie. 1986. "A critical analysis of flood damage estimation curves." Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 13:86-94.

S. Hanke and M. Fortin. 1985. The Economics of Municipal Water Supply: Applying the User Pay Principle. Research Paper #21, Inquiry on Federal Water Policy.

E.A. McBean, J.H. Ellis and M. Fortin. 1985.  "A screening model for development and evaluation of acid rain abatement strategies."  Journal of Environmental Management, 21:287-299.

M. Fortin and E.A. McBean. 1985. "A linear programming screening model for the Grand River Basin." Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 12:301-306.

M. Fortin and E.A. McBean. 1984. "Forecasting relative price movements for project evaluation."  Water Resources Research, 20(10):1327-1330.

M. Fortin and E.A. McBean. 1983. "A management model for acid rain abatement." Atmospheric Environment, 17(11):2331-2336.



Bill Gauley, Mike Fortin. Water Demand,Water Rates, Revenue Stability, OWWA Water Efficiency Workshop, Oct. 24 2019, Kitchener

Mike Fortin and Richard Lizotte. La fixation des tarifs après l'installation de compteurs d'eau. (Striking tariffs for newly metered customers) Journée Technique – Compteurs D’eau Et Tarification Réseau Environnement, 18 mai 2016, Montreal

M. Fortin, Role of Labor Markets and Interface with Skills Training: Global Perspective, Education for Economic Growth:  Innovations for Making Education Systems Responsive to Economic and Workforce Evolutions, 17 March 2015, Beijing, China

M. Fortin and M. Loudon, DEATH SPIRAL? Economics of Demand Management, Grand River Conservation Authority Workshop “Demand Management: The Next Generation”, Sept 16 2011.

M. Fortin, Sustainability Initiatives, Water Environment Association of Ontario 2011 Workshop “Collection and Conveyance Systems”, Sept 16 2011.

M. Fortin and M. Loudon, Economics of Water Conservation, Canadian Water and Wastewater Association, 2008 Policy Forum on Water Efficiency and Conservation. Waterloo, Ontario, November 3-5, 2008.

M. Fortin and M. Loudon, Tariffs Around the World. Water and Sewerage Authority of Trinidad and Tobago, Water and Wastewater Conference-Strategies for Best Practices in the Water and Wastewater Sector. Port of Spain, July 22-23, 2008.

Mike Fortin. The Economics of Private Sector Sustainability Initiatives. Ontario Stone Sand and Gravel Association Annual General Meeting, Toronto, February 22, 2008.

Dennis Draper, Mike Fortin and Art Bos. Economics of Alternative Approaches for Controlling Phosphorus. Symposium on Servicing Development within the Lake Simcoe Watershed, April 3, 2006.

Mike Fortin. Phosphorus trading: a summary of two trading program design studies. Workshop on Water Quality Trading in Canada, Policy Research Initiative, Government of Canada. Cantley, Québec. September 19-20, 2005.

Mike Fortin, Willingness to Pay for Water and Wastewater Services, Asian Development Bank Bluebag session. Manila, Philippines. June 23, 2005.

M. Fortin, S. Penjor. Institutional And Economic Reforms In China's Water Sector: The Transition To Full Cost Recovery, Convention on Water and Wastewater in South East Asia, Southeast Asia Water Utilities Network, Hanoi, Viet Nam. 7-9 June, 2005.

M. Fortin, Regulating Sustainability, #2 - Sustainable Water and Sewage Systems Act, 2002, Joint Annual Conference of the Ontario Water Works Association and the Ontario Municipal Water Association, Ottawa, May 8-10, 2005.

M. Fortin, The financial dimension of water supply sustainability, Workshop no. 1, Systems for sustainable urban water systems, 2004 Stockholm Water Symposium Workshops, Stockholm, Sweden. August 16 – 20, 2004.

M. Loudon and M. Fortin, Financing Wastewater Operations in Small Municipalities, Linking Water Science to Policy: Wastewater Treatment for Small Municipalities, A CCME sponsored workshop, Burlington, February 12, 2003.

M. Fortin and M. Loudon, Regulating Sustainability-Review of the Sustainable Water and Sewage Systems Act, 2002, 2002 Fall Management Seminar, Ontario Water Works Association, Toronto, November 27, 2002.

M. Fortin, Public Involvement in Drinking Water Quality Regulation, International Forum on Regulatory System of Urban Water Quality in China, China International Centre for Economic and Technical Exchanges and the UNDP, Beijing, November 2, 2002.

Dennis W. Draper and Michel Fortin, Nutrient Management Concepts on a Watershed Basis, Water Environment Association of Ontario, Toronto, November 23, 2000

S. Duff, M. Bardecki, M. Fortin, R. Kreutzwiser, D. Legg, K. Loftus and S. Monet, Evaluating economic values of wetlands: case study, Lake St. Clair, Wetlands, Migratory Birds, and Ecotourism Workshop, Association of State Wetland Managers, Newburyport and  Ipswich, Massachusetts, Oct. 24-25, 2000.

M.Fortin, D.Draper and A.Bos, Total Phosphorus Trading in the Lake Simcoe Basin, Watershed Modeling Workshop, Watershed 2000, Water Environment Federation, Vancouver, July 9-14, 2000.

M. Fortin, The Value of Water, Water Futures Seminar, Nottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority, Angus, Ontario, December 10, 1999.

M. Fortin, The Value of Water, 6th Annual A.D. Latornell Conservation Symposium - Conservation Ontario and the Centre for Land and Water Stewardship, University of Guelph, Alliston, Ontario, October 18-20, 1999.

M. Loudon and M. Fortin, Dealing with the revenue loss implications of water conservation programs, 1999 Joint Annual Conference – Ontario Water Works Association & Ontario Municipal Water Association, Ottawa, Canada, May, 1999.

M. Fortin and J. Farwell, The evaluation of channel design options, 2nd International Conference on Natural Channel Systems: Adaptive Management and Design of Stream Corridors, Niagara Falls, Canadfa, March 1-4, 1999.

M. Murray and M. Fortin, Integrated resources management for water and wastewater, Canadian Water and Wastewater Association 1998 Management Seminar, Quebec PQ, October 28 1998.

D.W. Draper, A.W. Bos, M. Fortin, K. Schaeffer and F. Stride, Aquatic pollutant trading by Ontario municipalities. Water Environment Association of Ontario 1998 Annual Technical Symposium, Toronto March, 1998.

M. Fortin and M. Murray, Financing infrastructure renewals - finding cost effective solutions. Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation Business Leaders/Local Authorities Forum on Sustainable Cities, Toronto Ontario, June 9-11, 1997.

Mike Fortin and Fred Stride, Water Based Emissions Trading for Phosphorus Control.  Emissions Trading and Public Policy Conference, presented by Pollution Probe, York University and the Conference Board of Canada, Toronto, Ontario, June 5-6, 1997.

M. Fortin and D. Draper, Innovative Approaches for Corrective Measures - Pollutant Trading.  State of our Rivers Ecosystem Conference, SWCS, Cambridge, Ont., Oct. 30, 1996.

M. Fortin and M. Loudon, Real cost basis for setting water rates.  Ontario Municipal Water Assn./Ontario Water Works Assn. Joint Annual Conference, London, April 21-24, 1996.

M. Fortin. Water and wastewater rate setting clinic. 58th Annual Conference of the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, Toronto, June 10, 1995.

M. Fortin and K. Brothers. Water and wastewater rate setting clinic. 57th Annual Conference of the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, Winnipeg, June 7, 1994.

J. Donnan, M. Fortin and R. Gaghadar. Environmental protection investments, what are the benefits? Technology Transfer Conference, Ont. Ministry of Environment and Energy, Toronto, Nov., 1993.

M. Fortin and M. Loudon. CWWA rate model demonstration. Workshop on Municipal Water and Wastewater Pricing, Every Drop Counts - A National Conference on Water Conservation, Environment Canada, Winnipeg, February 4-6, 1993.

M. Fortin. A review of water conservation initiatives in Ontario. Water Conservation: an Expanding View, a Workshop of the American Water Works Association, Austin Texas, Feb 1-2, 1992.

M. Fortin and B. Mitchell. Instituting the user pay principle for water and wastewater charges in Ontario.  Joint Annual Conference of the AWWA and the Ontario Municipal Water Association, Hamilton, April 28 -May 1, 1990.

B. Mitchell and M. Fortin. Water and wastewater charges for Ontario: the user pay principle.  Southwestern Ontario Field Management Conference, Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs.  Kitchener, Ontario.  November 2, 1990.

M. Fortin. Benefits to beach users from water quality improvements.  Environmental Research Technology Transfer Conference.  Toronto, Ontario.  November 20-21, 1989.

M. Fortin and C. Southey. A fair price for water. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources Water Conservation Workshop, Toronto, June 26-27, 1989.

M. Fortin. How economic concepts relate to a water use charge. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources Water Conservation Workshop, Toronto, June 26-27, 1989.

M. Fortin, G. Zukovs, J. Donnan and G. Zegarac.  The extra-strength sewer surcharge to regulate industrial sanitary sewer users.  Environmental Research Technology Transfer Conference.  Toronto, Ontario.  November 28-29, 1988.

M. Fortin. Economic methodology in watershed planning and management.  Canadian Water Resources Association Workshop Series, Managing Ontario's Streams, Socio-economic and Practice Issues.  Black Creek Pioneer Village, Toronto, Ontario.  June 24, 1987.

M. Fortin. A review of site-specific modelling tools for pollution from livestock activities.  BEACHES Strategy Development Workshop.  London, Ontario.  April 28-29, 1987.

D. Green, D. Cressman and M. Fortin.  Planning for agricultural drainage at the watershed level.  Canadian Water Resources Assn., 38th Annual Conf.  Lethbridge, Alberta.  June 26-28, 1985.

D. Cressman, J. Down and M. Fortin.  A methodology for assessing the impacts to agriculture in sitting a waste management facility.  Managing of Rural Resources: Problems and Policies, an International Conference.  University of Guelph, Guelph.  July 14-20, 1985.

M. Fortin. Economics of water conservation.  Workshop on Water Conservation, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.  Alliston, Ontario.  Dec  3-4, 1985.